Wine Trivia 1:
1. What is the optimal temperature to store wine at?
• 50 F
• 55 F
• 60 F
55F. If you store wine at too cold of a temperature it can dull the flavors in the wine. On the other hand, if you store the wine at too warm of a temperature, the wine will age at an accelerated rate – and may deteriorate before it can reach its peak. Remember though, this is not the proper temperature to serve red wine at- so make sure to bring it down to room temperature before serving!
2. Which are byproducts of a wine’s fermentation process?
• Vinegar and Oxygen
• Sugar and Sulfites
• Alcohol and Carbon Dioxide
Alcohol and Carbon Dioxide. Fermentation involves adding yeast to the grape must. The yeast interacts with the sugars and converts them into ethanol (alcohol). In most wines, after the fermentation, the carbon dioxide escapes the bottle prior to corking. In sparkling wine and champagne however, the carbon dioxide is trapped in the bottle, creating bubbles!
3. Wine Tannins come from
• The seeds of grapes
• The skin of grapes
• The stems and skin of grapes
• The skins, stems and seeds of the grapes
The skins, stems and seeds of the grapes. The longer the wine stays in contact with these, the more tannic the wine may seem. This is why red wines have a far more tannic quality then do white wines.
4. It is essential to store wine on its side in order to prevent:
• the cork from drying out
• the tannins from getting to high
• sediment from settling
The cork from drying out. When a cork dries out it may shrink, allowing air to get into the wine- thus spoiling it.
5. When you swirl your wine, legs are the remnants of wine that drip down the side of the glass. They are an indication of what?
• Sugar levels
• Acid levels
• Alcohol levels
Alcohol levels. They are due to the fact alcohol has a lower surface tension than water. Wine with “great legs” is high in alcohol content and is full bodied.
6. The term Chapitalization means what?
• adding sugar to the grape must during fermentation to increase alcohol
• financing how much the wine should sell for, to maximize profit
• the process of sealing the bottle of wine with a cork
Adding sugar to the grape must during fermentation to increase alcohol. This process is done when the grapes haven’t been ripened enough. The added sugar is turned into alcohol by the yeast during the fermentation process. This is not legal everywhere.
7. Which varietal of wine can be described as having vanilla, butterscotch and tropical flavors?
• Pinot Grigio
• Semillon Blanc
8. What wines are best to pair with strong flavored cheeses like blue cheese?
• light bodied whites
• sweet whites
• heavily tannic reds
With such a strong flavor, blue cheese needs to be paired with something it won’t dominate, like richly sweet wines.
9. Why are sulfites added to wine?
• they add sweetness to the wine
• they help to stabilize the wine
• they act as a preservative
They act as a preservative and prevent the wine from re-fermenting. The antioxidants in sulfites slow down the effects that air exposure can have on wine and allow it to last longer.
10. When ordering a bottle of wine at a restaurant and the waiter pours only a small amount into the glass to taste first, this is to:
• decide if you like the wine- if not you should send it back
• make sure the wine isn’t spoiled- if so, you send it back
• make sure it tastes like the last time you ordered that bottle- if not you send it back
The only reason it is acceptable to send back the wine is if it is spoiled!