Wine Trivia 4:
1. Which Country didn’t suffer from a Phylloxera infestation?
• United States
Chile. There are several theories on this. With the Andes to the east and the Pacific to the west, Chile is geographically isolated and therefore, protected. Another theory gives credit to its dry soil. Their use of flood irrigation may have also helped protect the country from Phylloxera.
2. What does “bottle sickness” mean?
• The wine has gone bad and will make you sick.
• A wine that tastes flat, dull and out of balance following bottling.
• The wine smells putrid when the cork is first removed.
A wine that tastes flat, dull and out of balance following bottling. After months or even years of being undisturbed in a barrel, the wine is pumped, filtered and put into a bottles. This sudden change of environment can cause the wine to temporarily go through a condition called bottle sickness for several weeks up to a few months and causes the wine to lose flavor.
3. What is the French Paradox?
• Even though they drink, smoke and eat a high fat diet the French suffer from fewer heart attacks than Americans.
• French wines are identified by their appellation rather than their varietal.
• The French produce old world wines.
Though they have a high amount of smokers and a diet that is quite high in fat, the French suffer from about half as many heart attacks as Americans do. This has been attributed to the fact that the French drink a lot of wine, of which the antioxidants have beneficial effects.
4. When describing a wine as “quaffable” this means the wine is:
• Easy to drink
• Has very strong aromas
• Full bodied
Easy to drink. This usually refers to simple wines that are easy and fun to drink, as they have few complexities about them.
5. When describing a wine as “flabby” this means:
• The wine has a lot of residual sugar meaning it is high in calories.
• The wine is heavy from a lack of acid.
• The wine’s tannins overpower the fruit flavors.
The wine is heavy from a lack of acid. Tannins and acid give wine its structure. When they are deficient in the wine, it can become flabby.
6. The vintage date on a bottle of wine refers to what?
• The year the grapes were harvested.
• The year the wine was bottled .
• The year the wine was put into the store.
The year the grapes were harvested. Non-vintage wines will have a blend of grapes from multiple harvests.
7. What does it mean when a wine is described as “backwards” ?
• Though aged, it retains youthful characteristics
• While it has strong aromas, it has few flavors
• A red wine whose body resembles that of a white wine
Though aged, it retains youthful characteristics. Wines that are backward often need an even longer aging period to become complex and to reach maturity.
8.“Tears” are another word for:
Legs. Tears/legs are the remnants of wine that drip down the glass after it has been swirled. It is performed to evaluate the alcohol concentration of the wine. The higher the alcohol content, the more distinct the tears/legs are. They are caused by effects of surface tension.